Two Comets

Two little snippets from the 17th century newspapers, a project by the Meertens Instituut en These two are from the Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c of February 11, 1634 and the Oprechte Haerlemsche courant of Februari 6, 1672. Apparently January is a good month for strange sights in the sky!

Wt Venetien den 13. Ianuarij 1634.
VAn Barcelonia heeftmen, dat
boven deselve Stadt een Co=
meet Starre ghesien wordt,
welcke sich met een lange hel=
dere strael, ghelijck een Lant=
se verbreydt, ende in ‘t onder=
gaen vallen drie stralen op de

Uit Venetië, de 13e januari 1634. Uit Barcelona heeft men dat boven dezelfde stad een komeet-ster gezien wordt, die in een lange heldere straal als een lans uitspreid. En in het ondergaan [van de komeet] vallen drie stralen op de stad.

From Venice, January 13th 1634. From Barcelona is news that above this city a comet-star is seen, which spread in a long bright beam like a lance. And in [the comet’s] setting, three beams fell on the city.

Van Casschaw, in Opper-Ongarien, werdt geschre= ven, dat in desselve Plaets, nae dese kant van Poolen, ‘t Nachts
omtrent 11 uren, een Comeet, nevens andere Teyckenen, wierden
gesien, als Omina van quade saecken.

Uit Košice in opper-Hongarije werd geschreven dat in deze plaats, in de richting van Polen ‘s nachts omtrent 11 uur een komeet, daarnaast andere tekenen, werden gezien als voortekens van kwade zaken.

From Košice in uppar Hungary was written that in this place, in the direction of Poland a comet was seen at night around eleven o’clock, as well as some other signs. They were seen as omens of evil matters.

Twee kleine stukjes uit de 17e eeuwse kranten, een project van het Meertens Instituut en Deze twee komen uit de Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c van 11 februari, 1634 en de Oprechte Haerlemsche courantvan 6 februari, 1672. Blijkbaar is januari een goede maand voor vreemde tekenen aan de hemel!

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12 Responses to Two Comets

  1. simonjkyte says:

    There is a 17th century text in the British Library cataloguing sun dog (parhelic events) sightings. I can send info if you are interested.

    • Please do, that sounds really interesting!

      • simonjkyte says:

        It is interesting especially as the BL has ascribed it to a well known author and translator of the time

      • simonjkyte says:

        By the way, I also helped identify a hand-scrawled translation of Hendrik Jansen Van Barrefelt, previously thought to have had zero influence on the underground Family of love in early 17th C England

      • simonjkyte says:

        I really like your wordpress site, btw

      • simonjkyte says:

        Rare Books C.2618, which for simplicity will be referred to as ‘Three Sunnes’ in these notes. There seem to be a number of copies of the text internationally and the text is even supposed to be available via Amazon (although there are currently no copies). They all seem to be ascribed to Everard but this may all be down to the British Library’s decision. If the British Library is correct and the writer is Everard, then the same comments used by Como to link the Firmin family to the teachings of John Eaton should be used here to link Everard to Eaton in mid-1622, long before we have any evidence of his Antinomian activities for they were all using Revelation 12: 1-2 in the same manner. Eaton repeated this extraordinary piece of exegesis in both of his two major works – but, remember that neither was actually available in print until after the cessation of censorship! Three suns were sighted over a Cornish town . This is the phenomenon of the ‘parhelion’ and its associated ‘parhelic circles’. There are now hundreds of examples but they continue to fill some with fear and predictions about the end of the world – even in the developed economies, including associating it with the Planet Nibiru hoax in 2012 which is still all over In actual fact the phenomenon is caused by the refraction of light from ice crystals embedded with cirrus cloud types, especially during relatively cold weather. It is therefore unlikely to be any co-incidence that the Tregony event occurred slam in the middle of the Cornish winter.
        The name comes from the Greek, παρήλιων, implying ‘besides the sun’, but American English tends to refer to them more colloquially as ‘sundogs’ The actual details of events vary but the following would be typical:
        – Two additional suns appear at the same height in the sky as the real sun but separated from it by twenty two degrees either side. Of course, it is quite possible for one of these to be obscured, giving the impression of only two suns.
        – The ‘suns’ are linked together by a ring of light. This can be either a bright, white circle or else a series of refracted colours. When these circles are partly obscured, they can give the impression of actually being multiple rainbows – hence the fact that a series of rainbows is historically often reported to accompany the phenomenon.

  2. simonjkyte says:

    The text also mentions other parhelic events in Thuringia and Bohemia as wel as the Eggesford Devon meteorite.

  3. simonjkyte says:

    The text can be dated very accurately, even more tightly than the official publication date. For, although the landing of the Eggesford meteorite in January 1621/22 had taken place, it would seem to be an oversight had the author omitted the three suns over Heidelberg in 1622. In fact across Central Europe there were a series of parhelia and ‘bloody signs’ throughout 1622 – see H. Berg – ‘Military occupation under the eyes of the Lord: studies in Erfurt during the Thirty Years War’ (2010). Amongst other key events not mentioned by Everard would be the 1535 celestial parhelic circles over Stockholm, immortalised in the painting in the Storkyrkan, the death of Edward VI and the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross in 1461. However, perhaps most important of all is the fact that in 1533 the Anabaptist, Hutter had been amongst the first in modern Europe to record the experience a few days after 28th October 1533, when he witnessed ‘three suns’ and ‘two rainbows’ somewhere near Hustopeče in Moravia (then Auspitz). The master of the ‘Three Sunnes’ had obviously done plenty of research. However, there are actually numerous further examples omitted – see A. Geneva – ‘Astrology and the seventeenth century mind’ (1995). …. will tell you about the Van Barrefelt stuff another time


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